Number Rods
The Number Rods introduce the child to quantity 110 and their corresponding number names. Serves as the child's link to the sensorial exercises as it is very similar to the long rods. Through exploration with the material, the child also develops concepts in sequence of number, combinations of 10 and basic arithmetic.



Sandpaper Numerals
The sandpaper numerals introduce the child to symbol 09 and their corresponding number names. By tracing the numerals in the style and direction in which they are written, the child is preparing for writing numbers. The child is then given the opportunity to relate his knowledge of quantity and symbol with the number rods and cards.

Spindle Boxes
Spindle Boxes provide practice in associating quantity and symbol for the numbers 09, and introduces zero as no quantity.



Memory Game, Cards, and Counters
The memory game, cards, and counters serve as practice for the child as he is required to remember and associate quantity to symbol. The cards and counters provide practice for the sequence of numbers and also introduce odd and even numbers.

Introduction to Decimal Quantity
A tray containing Golden bead materials for introducing the decimal quantities of 1, 10, 100 and 1000



Introduction to Decimal Symbol
A tray containing cards that differ in length and color to introduce the values of 1, 10, 100 and 1,000.

Golden Bead Material
The golden bead material introduces the child to the decimal system with concrete representations of the hierarchy of numbers. Quantity and place value of the decimal system are explored by the child in activities in the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.



Stamp Game
After being introduced to the processes of the decimal system using the golden bead materials, the Stamp Game provides opportunities for individual practice in the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. In a step towards abstraction, the quantity and symbols of the decimal system are combined and are represented by each "stamp".

Tens Boards
With the Tens Boards, the child explores the number names of the tens and the sequence of numbers 1199. Bead quantities are created from the ten bars and unit beads in the Tens Bead Box and are associated with the corresponding numeral on the Tens Board.



Hundred Board
An enjoyable counting activity that reinforces the sequence of numbers from 1100. The Hundred Board is used by placing the wooden chips in sequence on the board.

Bead Material
This extensive set of bead material is used for the exercises of linear and skip counting the quantities of the squares and cubes of the numbers 110. It prepares the child for later activities in multiplication, squaring and cubing, as well as base number work.



Addition Equations and Sums Box
This twocompartment box with lid contains plastic chips, one set with equations printed on them and one set with the answers to be used with the addition working charts. These aid the child in practice and memorization of the unit addition combinations.

Colored Bead Stairs
The colored bead stairs are used for activities of addition, subtraction and multiplication.



Addition Snake Game
The addition snake game introduces the child to addition combinations of the unit numbers.
